There are three major medicines used for treating gout these days. These are mainly aimed at treating the inflammation caused by gout and lowering the uric acid levels.
The first one is known as Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs or NSAID’s such as Indomethacin and Ketoprofen. NSAID’s as their full name suggests, help to reduce inflammation and are particularly effective therefore as pain relief for gout. This is a particularly good type of gout medication in terms of pain relief and helping to reduce swelling however it should be used with caution and only under the guidelines of your doctor. Overdosing or long term use of this drug can be hazardous to your health and cause liver failure among other conditions.
Colchicine is a prescribed drug that has been used to treat gout for many years. The reason many consider this to be an inferior gout medication is because of its severe side effects that may people cannot live with. These include diarrhea, vomiting and stomach cramps. This medication is mainly used for people who cannot take NSAID’s for one reason or another.
Corticosteroids are steroids that can be used by injecting them directly into the afflicted joint to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. This is again not as effective as NSAID’s are in pain relief and are usually used when neither NSAID’s nor colchicines can be used.
It may be that your gout medication is designed to help reduce your uric acid levels if you suffer from chronic or acute gout. In which case, you might have been given Xanthine Oxidase Inhibiters. These work by reducing the levels of uric acid within your blood stream for people who produce uric acid in excess. You could also have Uricosuric agents which help by aiding the kidney’s to pass more uric acid into your urine and thus reduce your uric acid levels in your blood stream. This type of gout medication is used for patients who suffer from gout mainly due to an inability to pass out uric acid properly.
Some people use a healthy diet change to aid in their gout relief on top of their gout medication. It is often recommend increasing your fruit intake as food such as cherries, blueberries and pineapples have certain anti inflammatory properties and some may even help to reduce your uric acid levels naturally. It’s also been noted that fatty and dairy foods can make inflammation worse and may cause gout so try to cut back on this group. If you’re having problems with your gout medication, such as possible side effects or a worsening condition, then please go and see your doctor for further advice and treatment. Your doctor will be able to provide you with further information on what your medication options are and be able to help you improve your condition further, if given appropriate feedback on the medicine you were previously prescribed. You may need to look at a few medicines before you find one that’s right for you.